Military Recruiting: Military Draft
The military draft is the process of calling men between ages 18 and 26 to serve in the US Military. This process comes into use only in war or other national emergencies. The Congress and the President may take the decision regarding the military draft.
When the US Military require more troops than the volunteer military can supply, the Congress can pass a military draft. The President cannot initiate a draft, but his signature is necessary on it.
After the President and the Congress decide in favor of a military draft, a classification program would begin. Various examinations take place on the registrants to check their suitability for military service. They get adequate time to claim exemptions, deferments or postponements. They need to meet the physical, mental and administrative standards of the US Military to get into the services. Local Boards in each community decide on exemptions and deferments for clergymen, ministerial students and men claiming for reclassification as conscientious objectors.
The military draft has the provision of a lottery to determine the order for calling the registered men into service. This lottery is based on birthdays. The registrants getting low lottery numbers need to report for a physical, mental and moral examination at a Military Entrance Processing Station. It is to check whether they are fit to serve the US Military. After clearing the examination, a registrant gets 10-days time to claim exemption, postponement or deferment.
The Local and Appeal Boards do the processing of the registrant claims. The registrants passing the military evaluation receive induction orders. The inductees get 10 days to report to a local Military Entrance Processing Station for induction. At present, Selective Service must deliver the first inductees to the US Military within 193 days from the effective date of military draft legislation.
The Vietnam War was the last occasion when a military draft came into force. Several changes have come into this process that time onward. These changes have reduced the ways of deferring from the US Military service.